Parents Quit IT: Tailored Messaging and Decision Supports to Help Parents Quit Smoking in Pediatric Settings
Statement of Problem
Secondhand smoke exposure affects more than 40 percent of youth in the U.S., greatly increasing their risk of disease morbidity and mortality. Children are often exposed to secondhand smoke by their caregivers, so helping parents quit smoking is imperative to protecting children and families from the harms of tobacco.
For some families, bringing their children to the pediatrician is their only point of contact with the health care system. Therefore, pediatricians are uniquely positioned to intervene with intergenerational family services to better address those families’ unmet needs in order to improve the health of the child. Unfortunately, appropriate treatments are delivered to parent smokers less than three percent of the time.
Pediatric providers routinely delivering tobacco control to parents would provide a major intergenerational family service in the U.S., as tobacco use annually leads to 480,000 preventable deaths, including almost one-third of all cancer deaths, and $300 billion in tobacco-attributable costs. However, there is a lack of understanding of effective pediatrician-parent communication regarding tobacco cessation treatment and possibilities for interventions. A multidisciplinary research approach combining decision science and clinical informatics could maximize the effectiveness of such interventions while simplifying, standardizing and systematizing parental treatment for tobacco use in pediatric clinical practice.
In the next phase of this work, we aim to develop a CDS system to effectively prompt clinicians to consistently deliver these framed messages for tobacco cessation treatment. Health systems would hopefully be able to feasibly incorporate evidence-based messaging to clinicians and parents into clinical practice using a CDS tool.
Finally, using the messages and CDS system developed in the first two sections of the study, we plan to conduct a pilot trial of an evidence-based intervention to improve parent tobacco cessation rates in preparation for a large-scale pragmatic trial. We hope that our messaging-based intervention will be feasible for clinicians and will increase cessation treatment initiation among caregivers.
The results from this study will build toward the development of a testable, theory-driven intervention that will open the door for future R01 grants supporting the testing of CDS interventions that address parent smoking in pediatric settings. These research efforts and associated training are aimed at the development of smoking cessation interventions, ultimately targeting vulnerable populations and that health systems could scale for broad population impact moving forward.
This project page was last updated in June 2020.
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PolicyLab. Parents Quit IT: Tailored Messaging and Decision Supports to Help Parents Quit Smoking in Pediatric Settings [Online]. Available at: http://www.policylab.chop.edu [Accessed: plug in date accessed here].