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Results Total Results: 250

May, 2015
Article
Authors:

Wood SM, Dowshen N, Lowenthal E

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of improving care globally for adolescents with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS. Pediatricians have an obligation to protect the health of children and adolescents. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS remains the second leading cause o...

May, 2015
Article
Authors:

Ross ME, Kreider AR, Huang YS, Matone M, Rubin DM, Localio AR

Randomized controlled trials are the “gold standard” for estimating the causal effects of treatments. However, it is often not feasible to conduct such a trial because of ethical concerns or budgetary constraints. We expand upon an approach to the analysis of observational data sets that...

May, 2015
Authors:

Ransom J, Griffis H, Eder J, Byrnes V, French B, Balfanz R, Iver DM, Rubin D

In 2006, Unfulfilled Promise: The Dimensions and Characteristics of Philadelphia’s Dropout Crisis, 2000–2005 shed light on how many students drop out of high school in the School District of Philadelphia (SDP) and what factors put students at risk for dropping out. The results were grim:...

Apr, 2015
Authors:

Kenyon C, Rubin D, Zorc J, Mohamad Z, Faerber J, Feudtner C

Kenyon C, Auger K, Adams S, Loechtenfeldt A, Moses J

This Research at a Glance brief summarizes the relationship between if and when patients fill asthma prescriptions after being discharged from the hospital and hospital readmission rates. The results of the studies are used to inform strategies to improve care from the hospital to the ho...

Apr, 2015
Article
Authors:

Farkas AH, Vanderberg R, Sucato GS, Miller E, Akers AY, Borrero S

PURPOSE: Racial/ethnic disparities exist in young men's contraceptive knowledge. This study examines whether the likelihood of receiving sexual health education varies by race/ethnicity. METHODS: We examined racial/ethnic differences in sex and contraceptive education both in school and...

Apr, 2015
Article
Authors:

Dowshen N, Matone M, Luan X, Lee S, Belzer M, Fernandez MI, Rubin D, and The Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions

ABSTRACT: We describe health and psychosocial outcomes of HIV+ young transgender women (YTW) engaged in care across the United States. When compared to other behaviorally infected youth (BIY), YTW reported higher rates of unemployment (25% vs. 19%), limited educational achievement (42% v...

Apr, 2015
Article
Authors:

Rubin D, Kreider A, Matone M, Huang YS, Feudtner C, Ross M, Localio R

IMPORTANCE: Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) have increasingly been prescribed to Medicaid-enrolled children, either singly or in a medication combination. Although metabolic adverse effects have been linked to SGA use in youths, estimating the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, a...

Mar, 2015
Article
Authors:

Grundmeier RW, Song L, Ramos MJ, Fiks A, Elliott MN, Fremont A, Pace W, Wasserman RC, Localio R

OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of imputing race/ethnicity using U.S. Census race/ethnicity, residential address, and surname information compared to standard missing data methods in a pediatric cohort. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Electronic health record data from 30 pediatric practic...

Mar, 2015
Article
Authors:

Fiks A, Mayne S, Karavite D, Suh A, O'Hara R, Localio AR, Ross M, Grundmeier R

BACKGROUND: Electronic health record (EHR)-linked patient portals are a promising approach to facilitate shared decision-making between families of children with chronic conditions and pediatricians. This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of MyAsthma, an EHR-lin...

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