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Results Total Results: 259

Jul, 2015
Article
Authors:

Wood J, French B, Song L, Feudtner C

OBJECTIVES: To examine variation across US hospitals in evaluation for occult fractures in (1) children <2 years old diagnosed with physical abuse and (2) infants <1 year old with injuries associated with a high likelihood of abuse and to identify factors associated with such varia...

Jun, 2015
Authors:

Jonas J, Eder J, Noonan K, Rubin D, Fieldston E

This Evidence to Action brief provides an in-depth look at the relationship between socioeconomic status and the processes of care that enhance value and health outcomes for children. Investigators at PolicyLab and the Children’s Hospital Association (CHA) conducted a series of studies ...

Jun, 2015
Article
Authors:

Fiks A, Grundmeier R, Steffes J, Adams W, Kaelber D, Pace W, Wasserman R, for the Comparative Effectiveness Research Through Collaborative Electronic Reporting (CER2) Consortium

ABSTRACT: The United States lacks a system to use routinely collected electronic health record (EHR) clinical data to conduct comparative effectiveness research (CER) on pediatric drug therapeutics and other child health topics. This Special Article describes the creation and details of ...

Jun, 2015
Authors:

Matone M, Zlotnik S, Miller D, Kreider A, Rubin DM, Noonan K

At the request of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Human Services (DHS), PolicyLab analyzed trends in the use of psychotropic medications by Medicaid-enrolled children and youth in Pennsylvania, including those specifically in foster care. The analysis focused on the use of...

Jun, 2015
Article
Authors:

Scott KC, Taylor EM, Mamo B, Herr ND, Cronkright PJ, Yun K, Altshuler M, Shetty S

Globally, more than two billion persons have been infected at some time with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) (1), and approximately 3.5 million refugees have chronic HBV infection (2). The endemicity of HBV varies by region (3). Because chronic hepatitis B is infectious and persons with chro...

May, 2015
Article
Authors:

Feemster K

ABSTRACT: Between 2009 and 2012, 36 bills were introduced in 18 states to change vaccine exemption laws related to school-entry requirements. Of the 31 bills that sought to loosen requirements for obtaining an exemption, none passed. Fortunately, the clear evidence showing that easy exem...

May, 2015
Authors:

Matone M, Zlotnik S, Noonan K, Miller D, Rubin DM

This Evidence to Action brief provides an in-depth look at antipsychotic medication prescribing to children on Medicaid and in foster care. At PolicyLab, our research portfolio on psychotropic medication prescribing grew from clinical concern that an increased number of children in fost...

May, 2015
Article
Authors:

Wood SM, Dowshen N, Lowenthal E

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of improving care globally for adolescents with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS. Pediatricians have an obligation to protect the health of children and adolescents. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS remains the second leading cause o...

May, 2015
Article
Authors:

Ross ME, Kreider AR, Huang YS, Matone M, Rubin DM, Localio AR

Randomized controlled trials are the “gold standard” for estimating the causal effects of treatments. However, it is often not feasible to conduct such a trial because of ethical concerns or budgetary constraints. We expand upon an approach to the analysis of observational data sets that...

May, 2015
Authors:

Ransom J, Griffis H, Eder J, Byrnes V, French B, Balfanz R, Iver DM, Rubin D

In 2006, Unfulfilled Promise: The Dimensions and Characteristics of Philadelphia’s Dropout Crisis, 2000–2005 shed light on how many students drop out of high school in the School District of Philadelphia (SDP) and what factors put students at risk for dropping out. The results were grim:...

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