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Results Total Results: 345

Sep, 2016
Article
Authors:

Cooper AS, Friedlaender E, Levy SE, Shekdar KV, Bradford AB, Wells KE, Mollen C

ABSTRACT: Our objective was to describe the types of providers who refer children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) for brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the referral reason, and MRI results. The most common referral reasons were autism spectrum disorder with seizures (33.7%), au...

Aug, 2016
Article
Authors:

Griffis H, Matone M, Kellom K, Concors EQuarshie WFrench B, Rubin D, Cronholm PF

BACKGROUND: Home visiting programs represent an important primary prevention strategy for adverse prenatal health behaviors; the various ways in which home visiting programs impact prenatal smoking cessation and reduction behaviors remain understudied. METHODS: Mixed methods approach us...

Aug, 2016
Article
Authors:

Burson RC, Buttenheim AM, Armstrong A, Feemster KA

ABSTRACT: Vaccine-preventable deaths amongst adults remain a major public health concern, despite continued efforts to increase vaccination rates in this population. Alternative approaches to immunization delivery may help address under-vaccination amongst adults. This systematic review ...

Aug, 2016
Article
Authors:

Gruver RS, Bishop-Gilyard CT, Lieberman A, Gerdes M, Virudachalam S, Suh AW, Kalra GK, Magge SN, Shults J, Schreiner MS, Power TJ, Berkowitz RI, Fiks AG

BACKGROUND: Evidence increasingly indicates that childhood obesity prevention efforts should begin as early as infancy. However, few interventions meet the needs of families whose infants are at increased obesity risk due to factors including income and maternal body mass index (BMI). So...

Aug, 2016
Article
Authors:

Palakshappa D, Khan S, Feudtner C, Fiks A

ABSTRACT: Building on prior research, this study tested two theories: (1) differences in child health care utilization can predict household food insecurity (FI), and (2) FI is associated with subsequent increased acute health care use. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 3,335 ch...

Aug, 2016
Article
Authors:

Jenssen BP, Shelov ED, Bonafide CP, Bernstein SL, Fiks AG, Bryant-Stephens T

OBJECTIVES: To create and evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and usability of a clinical decision support (CDS) tool within the electronic health record (EHR) to help pediatricians provide smoking cessation counseling and treatment to parents of hospitalized children exposed to sec...

Aug, 2016
Article
Authors:

Rubin DM

This Viewpoint discusses how the Commission to Eliminate Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities developed policy recommendations in the absence of trial data, relying strongly on aggregate testimony from communities. INTRODUCTION: Bridging research to policy can be a noble but daunting task...

Jul, 2016
Article
Authors:

Feemster, KA, Odeniyia FM, Localio R, Grundmeier RW, Coffin SE, Metlaya JP

Compared to chart review, a definition based on the International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnosis code for healthcare-associated influenza-like illness (HA-ILI) among young children in a large pediatric network demonstrated high posit...

Jul, 2016
Article
Authors:

Palakshappa D, Fiks AG, Faerber JA, Feudtner C

ABSTRACT: Many states have enacted laws to improve school nutrition. We tested whether stronger state nutrition laws are associated with subsequently decreased obesity. We conducted a retrospective national multi-year panel data study (analyzed 2014–2016 at the Children's Hospital of Phi...

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