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Results Total Results: 442

Oct, 2017
Article
Authors:

Jonas JA, Shah SS, Zaniletti I, Hall M, Colvin JD, Gottlieb LM, Sills MR, Bettenhausen J, Morse RB, Macy ML, Fieldston ES

BACKGROUND: Though regional variation in healthcare spending has received national attention, it has not been widely studied in pediatrics. OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate regional variation in costs of care for 3 inpatient pediatric conditions, (2) assess potential drivers of variation, an...

Oct, 2017
Article
Authors:

Goyal MK, Johnson TJ, Chamberlain JM, Casper TC, Simmons T, Alessandrini EA, Bajaj L, Grundmeier RW, Gerber JS, Lorch SA, Alpern ER; Pediatric Care Applied Research Network (PECARN)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the primary care setting, there are racial and ethnic differences in antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs). Viral ARTIs are commonly diagnosed in the pediatric emergency department (PED), in which racial and ethnic differences...

Topics:
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Oct, 2017
Authors:

Strane D, Rubin D

Abuse and neglect are serious concerns for all children, but military families may have unique needs that complicate efforts to prevent abuse and intervene on behalf of those who are at risk. For the more than 50 percent of Armed Forces members who are parents, deployment can introduce s...

Sep, 2017
Article
Authors:

Wood SM, Schott W, Marshal MP, Akers AY.

PURPOSE: We aimed to estimate group-based trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in a longitudinal cohort of young women and determine the association between sexual identity and BMI trajectory group, adjusting for obesity risk factors. METHODS: We analyzed data from females in waves I–I...

Sep, 2017
Article
Authors:

Strane D, Lynch KG, Griffis HM, Taylor CM, Harb GC, Mi L, Song L, French B, Rubin DM

OBJECTIVE: Soldier deployment can create a stressful environment for U.S. Army families with young children. Prior research has identified elevated rates of child maltreatment in the 6 months immediately following a soldier's return home from deployment. In this study, we longitudinally ...

Sep, 2017
Article
Authors:

Dhar PC, Kaflayc D, Dowshen N, Miller VA, Ginsburg KR, Barg FK, Yun K

PURPOSE: We explored attitudes and beliefs pertaining to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among unmarried, female, resettled Bhutanese refugees 16–20 years. METHODS: Fourteen interviews were analyzed using the constant comparison method, and major themes were identified. RESULTS: S...

Sep, 2017
Article
Authors:

Wood SM, Lowenthal E, Lee S, Ratcliffe SJ, Dowshen N

Youth living with HIV (YLWH) are less likely than older adults to achieve and sustain viral suppression. While treatment guidelines recommend decreased viral load (VL) monitoring in individuals with well-controlled HIV, the appropriateness of this strategy for adolescents is unknown. We ...

Aug, 2017
Article
Authors:

Fiks AG, Mayne SL, Michel JJ, Miller J, Abraham M, Suh A, Jawad AF, Guevara JP, Grundmeier RW, Blum NJ, Power TJ

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a distance-learning, quality improvement intervention to improve pediatric primary care provider use of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scales. METHODS: Primary care practices were cluster randomized to a 3-part distance-learning, quality im...

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